Hawaiian Name(s): a‘e, mānele, hea‘e

Scientific Name: Zanthoxylum (4 species)

Vernacular Name: none

Family: Rutaceae

Status: endemic

Authority: Z. dipetalum H.Mann, Z. hawaiiense Hillebr., Z. kauaense A.Gray, Z. oahuense Hillebr.

Description: Small tree to 3-6 m tall, bark gray to dark brown.

Habitat Z. dipetalum dry to mesic forests, margins of wet forest 260–1280 m (Kaua‘i, O‘ahu, Moloka‘i, Hawai‘i), Z. hawaiiense on lava flows in dry forest, mesic forest 550–1740 m (Moloka‘i, Lana‘i, Maui, Hawai‘i), Z. kauaense mesic forest, sometimes dry to wet forests 300–1980 m (most main islands), Z. oahuense mesic to wet forests 580–800 m (O‘ahu) (Wagner et al. 1990:1213–1216).


Non Medicinal Uses:

Specific gravity of wood: unknown

Famous Locations:


`Ōlelo Noeau:

Dye Color and Parts:

Kino lau:

Location on Bishop Museum Kalihi Campus:

Propagation Information:

Seed: Seed length approximately 8.5 mm. Photograph: B.Kennedy. Species: Z. oahuense.
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