Hawaiian Name(s): manono

Scientific Name: Kadua (3 species)

Vernacular Name: none

Family: Rubiaceae

Status: endemic

Authority: K. affinisK. axillaris (Wawra) W.L.Wagner & Lorence, K. fosbergii (W.L.Wagner & D.R.Herbst) W.L.Wagner & Lorence

Description: Shrub/liana/small tree to 5 m.

Habitat K. fosbergii wet forest slopes and ridges 795–1000 m (Lāni‘i), K. axillaris mesic to wet forest 400–1830 m (Moloka‘i, Maui, Hawai‘i), K. affinis mesic to wet forest, bogs and mesic shrubland 260–2040 m (most major islands) (Wagner et al. 1990:1145–1155).


Non Medicinal Uses: Wood "furnished canoe timber" (Malo 1951:21); Lambs notes "canoe trim and rigging" (Lamb 1981:139).

Specific gravity of wood: unknown

Famous Locations:


`Ōlelo Noeau:

Dye Color and Parts:

Kino lau:

Location on Bishop Museum Kalihi Campus:

Propagation Information: Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database.
Native Plants Hawaii.

Seed: Seed length approximately 1.5 mm. Photograph: B.Kennedy. Species: K. axillaris.
Click for image